coronary Treatment Packages
What is coronary angiogram (also known as cardiac catheterization)?
A coronary angiogram, also known as cardiac Cath or cardiac catheterization, is a minimally invasive diagnostic procedure that is widely used for investigating heart disease, a common medical problem in India. It enables the interventional cardiologist to visualize the functioning of the heart. A catheter – a narrow, flexible tube- is inserted into a blood vessel, normally at the groin or at the wrist, and guided to the heart. The cardiologist is able to see the movement of the catheter as it is threaded towards the heart, by sharp images which are projected by a series of x-rays that are being continuously taken. The procedure yields very clear images of the heart valves, the coronary arteries and the chambers of the heart.
What are the advantages in getting the coronary angiogram done at heart hospitals in India?
Indian doctors have great expertise in performing coronary angiograms Cardiac Centres in India have state of the art equipment for performing coronary angiograms and angioplasties
Cost savings: A coronary angiogram which costs approximately US $ 4000 in the USA. would cost approximately US $ 600 to 700, just 15% of the American cost, with savings of up to 85%.
What can you expect from a coronary angiogram in India?
The coronary angiogram is the gold standard investigation for several heart-related diseases. It helps to confirm or rule out disorders relating to the coronary arteries. If there is a problem, it indicates a clear treatment path (angioplasty? Open heart surgery?)
Is the cardiac catheterization procedure an investigative tool only?
Cardiac Cath Procedure commences as an investigative procedure. In the event of findings which indicate the need for minimally invasive intervention, such as a balloon angioplasty or the placement of stents, such intervention can be carried out as part of the same procedure. Thus, the cardiac diagnostic procedure is transformed into a therapeutic or a curative procedure too. Once the procedure becomes therapeutic in nature it is described as an angioplasty.
Some examples of interventional procedures: placement of stents, balloon angioplasty, cutting balloon, rot ablation, etc
Do hospitals in India have the latest equipment for carrying out procedures like coronary angiograms?
Leading cardiac hospitals in India are as good as the best cardiac centers in other parts of the world. This is attributable not just to the skill of Indian cardiologists to also to the high-tech equipment that is available at hospitals in India today. For example, heart centers in India have the latest cardiac catheterization labs made by global players like Siemens, Phillips, GE, etc.
How is a coronary angiogram done?
In a coronary angiogram, the interventional cardiologist inserts a catheter -a narrow flexible tube -into an artery, normally at the groin or in the arm. The point of entry is numbed so that you do not feel any pain or discomfort during the procedure which can take about half an hour.
A sheath is first inserted, followed by a guide wire and then the catheter. The catheter is guided through the heart to the arteries in the heart region. A special contrast dye is injected in order to provide clear images of the blood flow from the coronary arteries to the heart muscles. The images are a series of x-ray pictures and provide a very clear picture of both the exact location and the extent of blockages in the coronary arteries. This information guides the interventional cardiologist about whether or not to perform a coronary angioplasty.
Throughout the procedure, the internal and intra-arterial blood pressures are measured through the catheter to make sure that the catheter is not blocking the blood vessel, although by design the catheter thickness (approximately 2 mm) will always be smaller than the lumen of the blood vessel.
How experienced are Interventional Cardiologists in India at coronary angiograms?
Heart disease is very widely prevalent in India and doctors in India are perhaps the world’s most experienced in heart diseases. The cardiologists on our panel have -each- performed at least 10,000 coronary angiograms…in addition to which they have performed a large number of coronary angioplasties too. These numbers represent a great amount of experience in handling a wide range of cardiac disorders. Practice, as they say, makes perfect. The skill of the Interventional Cardiologist lies in obtaining clear images with the least possible injection of contrast dye and the least possible radiation exposure to the patient.